Transylvanian Hound: Breed Profile, Characteristics, and Care Guide

| Updated: August 19, 2023
Transylvanian hound purebred looking back at the camera in a backyard

Hey, dog lovers! Today I have a special treat for you. I’m going to introduce you to a breed of dog that you probably never heard of before the Transylvanian Hound. This rare and ancient breed came from Hungary and Transylvania and was used by the Hungarian nobility to hunt all kinds of wild animals. They are loyal companions, good guards, and versatile hunters that can handle any situation. They are also playful, energetic, and smart dogs that need a lot of care and attention.

Physical Characteristics


The Transylvanian Hound is a medium-sized scent hound with a black body and tan markings on the muzzle, chest, legs, and eyebrows. The coat is short and dense, and easy to groom. The ears are long and hanging, and the tail is curved. The eyes are dark brown and expressive.

The breed has two varieties: the tall and the short. The tall variety stands between 22 and 26 inches at the shoulder and weighs between 55 and 77 pounds. The short variety stands between 18 and 20 inches at the shoulder and weighs between 49 and 55 pounds. The tall variety was used for hunting big game in the woodlands and grasslands, while the short variety was used for hunting small game in the rocky and overgrown terrain.

The Transylvanian Hound is a handsome breed that has a noble and harmonious appearance. Their black and tan coat makes them stand out from other hounds, and their tan eyebrows give them a unique look. Their athletic, lean, muscular, and elegant body shows their strength and agility.


The Transylvanian Hound has a short and dense coat that requires minimal grooming. They only need to be brushed once or twice a week to remove loose hair and dirt. They also need to have their ears checked and cleaned regularly to prevent ear infections. They do not need to be bathed frequently unless they get very dirty or smelly. They should also have their nails trimmed every few weeks to prevent overgrowth or cracking.

Grooming your Transylvanian Hound is not a difficult task but an important one. You want to keep your dog looking good and feeling comfortable, right? Plus, it’s a great way to bond with your dog and show them some love.



The Transylvanian Hound is a good-natured, courageous, and determined dog. They are loyal to their owners and family but can be wary of strangers. They are intelligent and trainable but also independent and stubborn. They need consistent and firm leadership, socialization, and obedience training from an early age.

The breed is playful, and energetic and needs plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They enjoy dog sports such as agility, tracking, or rally. They also have a strong hunting instinct and will chase any small animals that catch their eye. They need a secure fence or leash outdoors and should not be left alone for long periods.

The Transylvanian Hound is a friendly and adaptable dog that can live in an apartment or a house as long as they get enough exercise. They are not very vocal but will bark when they sense danger or excitement. They are good with children who respect them but may not get along well with other dogs or cats. They are best suited for experienced owners who can provide them with the proper care and attention they deserve.

The Transylvanian Hound is a breed that has a lot of personality. They are loyal companions who will protect their family from any threat. They are also determined hunters who will pursue their prey with passion. They are also playful dogs who love to have fun with their owners. They are not boring dogs by any means!


The Transylvanian Hound is an intelligent, trainable dog, independent and stubborn. They need consistent and firm leadership, socialization, and obedience training from an early age. They respond well to positive reinforcement and praise but may not tolerate harsh or negative methods. They need to be taught basic commands and manners and how to behave around other dogs and animals. They also need to be trained to recall, as they may have a tendency to wander off or chase after small animals.

Training your Transylvanian Hound can be challenging but also rewarding. You need to be patient, consistent, firm, loving, and encouraging. You need to make training fun and interesting for your dog and use treats and toys as rewards. You need to establish yourself as the leader of the pack but also respect your dog’s personality and needs. You need to expose your dog to different people, places, and situations and teach them how to react appropriately.


Common Health Issues

The Transylvanian Hound is a healthy and hardy breed that can live up to 14 years. However, like any dog breed, they may be prone to some health issues such as elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia, eye problems, or ear infections. These conditions can affect the dog’s joints, vision, or hearing and may cause pain or discomfort. To prevent these conditions, buying from a reputable breeder who tests their dogs for genetic diseases and provides regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, parasite control, and dental care is important.

Keeping your Transylvanian Hound healthy is not hard, but it requires some attention and care. You need to make sure your dog gets regular check-ups and preventive care from your vet and follow their advice on vaccinations and parasite control. You need to watch out for any signs of illness or injury in your dog and seek medical attention if needed. You need to keep your dog’s ears clean and dry and check their eyes for any discharge or irritation.

Diet and Nutrition

The Transylvanian Hound does not have any special dietary requirements but should be fed high-quality dog food that meets its nutritional needs. They should also have access to fresh water at all times. To prevent obesity, they should be given appropriate portions according to their age, size, activity level, and metabolism. They should not be overfed or given too many treats, as this can lead to weight gain and health problems.

Feeding your Transylvanian Hound is not complicated, but it requires some common sense and moderation. You need to choose a dog food that is suitable for your dog’s age, size, and activity level and follow the feeding guidelines on the label. You need to avoid giving your dog human food, especially chocolate, grapes, raisins, onions, garlic, or anything spicy or fatty. You need to limit the amount of treats you give your dog and use them as rewards for good behavior or training.



The Transylvanian Hound is an ancient breed that dates back to the Middle Ages. It is believed that they descended from hounds brought by the Magyars when they crossed the Carpathian Mountains in the ninth century and bred with local dogs in Hungary and Transylvania. They were favored by the Hungarian aristocracy for hunting various game animals such as bison, bear, boar, lynx, fox, hare, and chamois.

The Transylvanian Hound is a breed that has a rich and ancient history. They are part of the Hungarian culture and heritage and have been used for hunting for centuries. They are also related to other hound breeds, such as the Bloodhound, the Basset Hound, and the Beagle.

Decline and Revival

The breed declined and was marginalized to the Carpathian Mountains, shrinking with the growth of agriculture and forestry, and by the beginning of the twentieth century, it was nearly extinct. It was almost wiped out during the Second World War, and in 1947, after Transylvania again became fully part of Romania, the Romanian government exterminated those that had survived to remove the reminder of the Hungarian occupation.

Some survived in Hungary and Slovakia, where breeders are working to revive the breed. In 1886, the first official registration of the breed began with the “Hungarian Hunting Dog Pedigree” (Magyar Vadászeb Törzskönyv). In 1941, the breed was registered as a Hungarian Hound by the Hungarian National Vizsla Club/Hound Division (Magyar Országos Vizsla Klub/Kopó szakosztály) and recovery of the breed started with 27 individuals; the Second World War put an end to this.

The Transylvanian Hound is a breed that has faced many challenges and hardships in its history. They have been threatened by war, persecution, and extinction. But they have also been saved by dedicated breeders who have worked hard to preserve and restore this breed. They are a testament to the resilience and survival of this breed.


The breed was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1963 and by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 2006. It is also part of the Foundation Stock Service (FSS) of the American Kennel Club (AKC), which is a first step towards full recognition. The Transylvanian Hound is one of the rarest AKC dog breeds, with only a few hundred purebred dogs in existence.

The Transylvanian Hound is a breed that has gained recognition and appreciation from various dog organizations and enthusiasts. They are now registered and shown in different countries and events. They are also part of the AKC’s FSS program, which means they are on their way to becoming fully recognized by the AKC. They are a rare and unique breed that deserves more attention and recognition.

Final Thoughts

The Transylvanian Hound is a rare and handsome breed that has a rich and ancient history. They are loyal companions, good guards, and versatile hunters that can adapt to different environments and situations. They are also playful, energetic, and intelligent dogs that need proper care and attention. If you are interested in this breed, make sure to do your research and find a reputable breeder who can provide you with a healthy and well-socialized puppy.

I hope you enjoyed learning about this amazing breed as much as I did. If you have any questions or comments about the Transylvanian Hound, feel free to leave them below. And if you know someone who might be interested in this breed, don’t forget to share this blog post with them. Thanks for reading!

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