Abnormal Molar Development in Dogs

| Updated: May 18, 2023
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Abnormal molar development in dogs is a condition that affects the growth and structure of their teeth. It can cause the teeth to be misaligned, abnormally shaped, or too large or small in size. This condition can affect the dog’s ability to eat, chew, and groom properly. It can also lead to pain, difficulty eating, and dental problems. The condition is typically caused by genetics, trauma, or poor nutrition. It is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of abnormal molar development and to seek treatment from a veterinarian as soon as possible. Treatment can include oral surgery, braces, extractions, and dental cleaning. With proper treatment, your dog can enjoy a healthy, happy life.

What is Abnormal Molar Development:

Abnormal molar development in dogs is a condition that can cause pain, difficulty eating, and other dental problems. Fortunately, there are treatments available to help your pup. One treatment option is to remove the affected molars surgically. Your veterinarian may also recommend a course of antibiotics or pain relief medications to help your dog feel more comfortable. If the condition is severe, your vet may suggest extraction of the entire jaw, followed by dental implants or a prosthetic jaw. Your vet can also provide dental cleanings, fluoride treatments, and sealants to help protect your pup’s teeth and gums. In some cases, diet may need to be adjusted to help reduce discomfort. Providing your pup with regular dental care, such as brushing their teeth, can also help keep their molars healthy. Your pup can have a healthy mouth and smile with the right care.


Abnormal molar development in dogs, also known as malocclusion, can be caused by a variety of factors. Genetics can be a major contributor, as some breeds are predisposed to malocclusion due to the shape of their jaw or the size of their teeth. Poor nutrition or inadequate oral hygiene can also be contributing factors, as can certain medical conditions such as periodontal disease or tooth resorption. Trauma to the jaw or teeth can also lead to malocclusion, as can physical abnormalities in the jaw or teeth.


Abnormal molar development in dogs can be a sign of a serious underlying health issue. Symptoms of abnormal molar development can vary, but some of the most common signs to watch out for include excessive salivation, difficulty eating and chewing, bad breath, and changes in the shape or size of the teeth. If you notice any of these symptoms in your dog, it’s important to take them to the vet right away. Abnormal molar development can be caused by a number of different conditions, including periodontal disease, dental abscesses, and gum disease. Your vet can perform a thorough exam and provide a diagnosis and treatment plan. Early detection and treatment can help prevent further damage and improve your dog’s overall health.

How is it Diagnosed?

Diagnosing abnormal molar development in dogs can be a tricky process. As a pet owner, it’s important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of abnormal molar development so that you can seek veterinary help if necessary. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to improve your dog’s long-term oral health. If your dog begins to exhibit signs of abnormal molar development, it is important to take them to the vet as soon as possible. Your vet will perform a physical examination and may also take X-rays to assess the condition of your dog’s molars. The vet may also inspect your dog’s mouth for any signs of infection or damage. Your vet may also suggest blood tests and other tests determine the underlying cause of the abnormal molar development.


If your vet diagnoses abnormal molar development, they will likely suggest a treatment plan that may include antibiotics, pain relief, and other medications. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove any damaged or infected teeth. Your vet may also recommend a dental cleaning and a special diet to help with the condition.


Having a healthy and happy dog is important, and part of keeping your pup in good shape is understanding how to prevent abnormal molar development in dogs. Abnormal molar development can cause your pup to experience pain, difficulty eating, and other problems. In order to prevent this, it is important to provide your canine with proper dental care. Start by brushing your pup’s teeth at least once a week with an enzymatic toothpaste and toothbrush made specifically for dogs. You can also give your pup dental chews or treats to help keep their teeth healthy. Additionally, regular trips to the vet and professional dental cleanings can help maintain your pup’s dental health. Keeping your pup’s mouth clean and healthy is important in preventing abnormal molar development in dogs.

It is important to monitor the development of your dog’s molars, as any abnormal development can be an indication of a dental or health issue. Here are a few signs to watch out for to help you stay on top of your pup’s teeth.

  • Pay attention to any signs of redness or swelling in and around the molars. This can be a sign of infection or inflammation.
  • If your pup is experiencing discomfort or difficulty eating, this could also be a sign of an issue. If your pup’s mouth is producing an unusual odor, this can also indicate a problem.
  • If you notice discoloration, chips, or cracks on the molars, this can be a sign of gum disease or other dental issues.

If you notice any of the above signs, it is important to take your pup to the vet for an evaluation. Your vet can diagnose any potential issues and provide the necessary treatment. With early intervention, your pup can maintain a healthy mouth and enjoy a happy life!

Common Breeds Affected

Abnormal Molar Development (AMD) in dogs is an inherited condition that occurs when one or more of the molars on the side of the dog’s mandible fail to develop normally. This condition affects the ability of the dog to chew food properly, which can cause pain and discomfort. Certain breeds are more prone to this condition than others, so it’s important to be aware of which breeds are commonly affected by AMD. Some of the most common breeds affected by AMD are:

These breeds are particularly susceptible to the condition due to their genetic makeup. In addition to these breeds, certain mixed-breed dogs may also be affected. Suppose you are considering adopting one of these breeds. In that case, it is important to discuss AMD with the breeder and have your dog examined by a veterinarian for early detection of the condition. Early diagnosis and treatment of AMD can help keep your pet healthy and happy for years to come.

What To Do?

If you suspect your dog may suffer from abnormal molar development, seeking veterinary advice as soon as possible is important. Abnormal molar development, also known as malocclusion, can cause a range of problems for your dog, including pain, difficulty eating, and dental disease.

Your veterinarian will be able to assess your dog’s mouth and determine the severity of the malocclusion. They may also take X-rays to get a better idea of the problem. Depending on the situation, treatment may include trimming or filing the teeth, braces or other orthodontic treatments, or even surgical procedures.

It is important to note that the cause of malocclusion is not always clear, and the treatment may need to be adjusted over time. If you suspect your dog has abnormal molar development, be sure to follow your vet’s instructions to ensure your pet’s health.


In conclusion, abnormal molar development in dogs is a condition that can cause serious discomfort and pain for your pet. If you notice any changes in your dog’s jaw or teeth, be sure to take them to the vet for an examination. Common symptoms of abnormal molar development include excessive drooling, difficulty chewing and eating, and bad breath. Early diagnosis and treatment is important to ensure your pet is comfortable and able to eat properly again. Your vet may recommend medications, diet changes, or other treatments depending on the severity of the condition. Taking your pet for regular dental checkups will also help identify any issues with their molars early on and help keep your pup healthy and happy!

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