Xiasi: Breed Profile

| Updated: August 19, 2023
Xiasi Dog Breed

Origin History of the Xiasi:

The Xiasi, also known as the Xiasi Quan, is a rare and distinctive breed of hunting dog that originated in the Chinese province of Guizhou. With their white wiry coat, large face, and lean muscular body, these dogs are built for speed and agility, making them the perfect hunters. But beyond their impressive hunting skills, they have a rich history steeped in tradition and cultural significance.

Named after the local village of “Xiasi”, these dogs have been cherished by the people of Guizhou for centuries. It is said that the breed was first brought to the village in 1080 and was believed to bring wealth and prosperity to its owners. This belief was so strong that the Xiasi Dog was held in high esteem, and it quickly became a valuable part of family life. Not only were these dogs skilled hunters, but they also served as protectors of the household, thanks to their intelligence and responsiveness to human guidance.

The Xiasi Dog’s popularity as a pet only grew over time, and their kind temperament and gentle nature made them beloved companions. Despite this, they were also used for a less savory purpose in their home province. In Guizhou, the Xiasi Dog was bred to fight boars in competitions, with the dog judged on their willingness to attack and the number of attacks it made. Although they are fearless and aggressive in competition, they remain gentle and affectionate at home, making them the perfect example of the duality of the breed.

Sadly, the Xiasi Dog is now facing extinction, with their numbers rapidly declining. This is a heartbreaking reality for a breed that has played such an important role in the history and culture of Guizhou. But despite this, they remain a symbol of strength, courage, and beauty, and it is our responsibility to ensure that this majestic breed is preserved for generations to come.

The Xiasi Dog is a unique and fascinating breed with a rich history and cultural significance. From its beginnings as a hunter and household protector to its status as a beloved pet, this breed is a testament to the enduring bond between humans and their animal companions. Let us work to preserve this magnificent breed for future generations to enjoy.

Xiasi Appearance:

The Xiasi Dog is a small, active breed with a unique and striking appearance. They have long and slender bodies with wedge-shaped heads and large ears that stand erect. Their eyes are almond-shaped and medium in size, and their noses are black and slightly upturned.

They have a short, single-layer coat that comes in a variety of colors, including white, black, brown, red, cream, and brindle. They have short, muscular legs and small, oval paws, and their tails taper to a fine point. This is a breed also known for their intelligence and loyalty, making them an ideal pet for any family.

Diet and Nutrition:

Xiasi Dogs are a medium-sized breed of dog that needs a balanced and nutrient-rich diet to stay healthy and happy. They are highly active dogs, so their diet should reflect their energy needs. You should feed a diet that consists of high-quality proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and essential fatty acids. Feeding them food specifically designed for their breed will help to ensure that they are getting all of the nutrition that they need.

When it comes to feeding your Xiasi Dog, it is important to measure their food and feed them twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time. As with all dogs, their dietary needs will change from puppyhood to adulthood and will continue to change into their senior years. You should ask your veterinarian for specific recommendations about your dog’s diet, as there is far too much variation among individual dogs—including weight, energy, and health—to make a specific recommendation.

In addition to providing a balanced diet, it is also important to provide your Xiasi Dog with plenty of water. Water helps to keep their body temperature regulated, aids in digestion, helps to flush out toxins, and helps to keep their coat and skin healthy. It is also important to provide regular exercise to help maintain a healthy weight and keep them physically active. Regular playtime and exercise are essential for their well-being.

Common Health Issues Affecting Xiasi Dogs:

Xiasi Dogs are generally a healthy breed, but like all dogs, they can suffer from certain health issues. Some of the more common health issues that this breed can experience include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, obesity, glaucoma, drug sensitivities, hearing problems, poor vision, lipomas, and cataracts.

It’s important to keep a close eye on your Xiasi Dog and schedule regular check-ups with your vet to ensure that any developing issues don’t go unnoticed. Additionally, it’s important to feed your dog a balanced diet and provide them with plenty of exercise to help them stay fit and healthy. With proper care and preventative measures, your pup can live a long and healthy life, free from the burden of painful and debilitating health issues.

Interesting Facts About Xiasi Dogs:

The Xiasi is an ancient breed with a rich and fascinating history. Here are some interesting facts about this breed that you may not know:

1. The Xiasi Dog is one of the oldest breeds in the world. It is believed to have originated in the Guizhou province of China over a thousand years ago.

2. The Xiasi has a thick double coat, with a soft and wooly undercoat and a coarse, waterproof outer coat. This coat helps the breed stay warm in the cold and cool in the heat.

3. The Xiasi Dog is an incredibly loyal and protective breed. They form strong bonds with their owners and will defend them to the death.

4. Xiasi Dogs are known for their intelligence and are considered one of the top breeds for obedience and agility.

5. The Xiasi is also an excellent sporting dog and is used for tracking, hunting, and herding.

6. Xiasi Dogs are rare, as there are only a few hundred of them registered in the world.

7. The Xiasi Dog is a rare breed that is not recognized by the American Kennel Club but is recognized by the FCI and the Taiwan Kennel Club.

8. Xiasi Dogs are a social breed and thrive when they have companionship, either from humans or other animals.

9. The Xiasi has a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years.

With their history, intelligence, and loyalty, this incredible breed will make a wonderful addition to any home.

Where to Adopt or Buy:

If you’re looking to adopt or buy a Xiasi Dog, you may have difficulty finding one as they are a rare breed. We always recommend starting with your local shelter, as you may be able to find one in need of a loving home. You can also try a rescue that caters to all kinds of dogs, so they may have one in need of adoption.

If you decide to buy a Xiasi Dog, do your research and find a reputable breeder. Make sure you ask questions and see the pup’s parents, as well as the conditions the pup was born and raised in. This will help ensure that you get a healthy and well-socialized pup.


The Xiasi Dog is an ancient breed with a long history that is sure to impress any dog enthusiast. These dogs are loyal and loving to their family and are generally quite friendly with other animals. They are also highly intelligent and require plenty of mental and physical stimulation to keep them from getting bored and engaging in destructive habits.

They can make great companions for older children but may be too much for younger kids due to their size and intensity of play. With proper socialization and training, the Xiasi Dog can make an amazing family pet. They are also very loyal and protective of their family, making them excellent watchdogs. Overall, this is a breed with plenty of potential to make an amazing family companion.


Q. How much exercise does a Xiasi need?

A: Xiasi Dogs are active, energetic dogs that require a good amount of exercise and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy. A daily walk of at least 30 minutes should provide your pup with enough physical activity, along with some playtime and mental stimulation. It’s also important to let your pup off-leash in a secure area so they can get some off-leash exercise and explore.

Q. How intelligent are Xiasi Dogs?

A: Xiasi Dogs are known for their intelligence and affinity for learning. They are quick to pick up on commands and can easily be trained for a variety of tasks. They are also known for their problem-solving skills and may come up with unique solutions to complex problems.

Q. How do I socialize my Xiasi?

A: Socialization is a key part of responsible dog ownership, and Xiasi dogs are no exception. It’s important to introduce them to new people, animals, and environments in a positive and controlled manner. Start by taking your loveable pup on walks around the neighborhood and to public places, such as dog parks, pet stores, and doggie daycares. You can also introduce your pup to other people and animals in small, controlled settings.

Q. What are the common health issues for Xiasi dogs?

A: While Xiasi Dogs are generally healthy, like all breeds, they can be subject to certain health conditions. Some of the more common health issues they may suffer from include hip dysplasia, eye problems, and allergies. It’s important to watch for any signs of illness or discomfort and to take your dog to the vet if any symptoms arise.

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