French Bulldog: Breed Profile, Characteristics, and Care Guide

| Updated: August 18, 2023
French bulldog walking on a fallen tree in the woods

For good reasons, this breed is one of the most popular in the United States and the United Kingdom. French Bulldogs are loyal, affectionate, and playful companions that can adapt to any lifestyle. They are also very charming and have a unique appearance, making them stand out from other dogs.

This article will tell you everything you need to know about the French Bulldog breed, including its history, characteristics, health concerns, and how to care for one. We will also talk about some of the different coat colors that French Bulldogs can have, such as blue fawn, blue, and rare breed colors. Whether you are a first-time owner or a seasoned dog lover, this guide is helpful and informative.

History of the French Bulldog

A French Bulldog is a small dog breed that belongs to the non-sporting group of the American Kennel Club (AKC). It is also known as a Frenchie, Bouledogue Français, or simply a Bulldog. The French Bulldog is not actually from France but from England. It was developed in the 1800s by crossing English Bulldogs with smaller terriers and pugs. The result was a miniature version of the Bulldog that was more suitable for urban living.

The French Bulldog was originally bred as a companion dog for lacemakers and other artisans who moved from England to France during the Industrial Revolution. The breed quickly became popular among the French upper class and was seen as a symbol of elegance and sophistication. The French Bulldog was also favored by artists, writers, and celebrities, such as Toulouse-Lautrec, Colette, and Ernest Hemingway.

The French Bulldog was first recognized by the AKC in 1898 and has since risen in popularity to become one of the top US dog breeds. According to the AKC breed popularity ranking, the French Bulldog was the fourth most registered dog breed in 2020. The breed is also very popular in the UK, where it was the second most registered dog breed in 2019.

French Bulldog attempting to roll a basketball

Characteristics of a French Bulldog

The French Bulldog is a small but sturdy dog that weighs between 16 and 28 pounds and stands between 11 and 13 inches at the shoulder. It has a short and smooth coat that comes in a variety of colors, such as brindle, fawn, white, cream, black, blue, blue fawn, and blue merle. The coat is easy to groom and exhibits minimal shedding.

The most distinctive feature of the French Bulldog is its flat face and large ears. The face is wrinkled and has a short nose that gives the breed a snub-nosed appearance. The ears are bat-like and stand erect on the head. The eyes are round and dark and have an expressive look. The tail is short and curly and can be either straight or screwed.

The French Bulldog has a muscular body with a broad chest and a short back. The legs are short and strong, with compact feet and black nails. The neck is thick and arched and supports the large head.

The French Bulldog has a personality that matches its appearance: charming, lively, and affectionate. It is very loyal to its owner and loves to be around people. It is also very intelligent and eager to please, making it easy to train. The breed is playful and humorous and enjoys games and toys. It can also be calm and relaxed when indoors.

The French Bulldog gets along well with children and other pets as long as it is socialized from an early age. It can protect its family and bark at strangers or other dogs. However, it is not aggressive or territorial and can be friends with anyone who treats it kindly.


  • French Bulldogs are adorable, friendly, and loyal dogs that make great companions for anyone.
  • French Bulldogs are easy to groom and do not shed much compared to other breeds.
  • French Bulldogs are intelligent and eager to please, making them easy to train and socialize.
  • French Bulldogs are playful and humorous, making them fun to be around and entertaining to watch.
  • French Bulldogs are adaptable and can live in any size of home as long as they get enough attention and exercise.


  • French Bulldogs are prone to many health problems that can be costly and stressful to deal with, such as brachycephalic syndrome, skin allergies, cleft palates, eye problems, and spinal problems.
  • French Bulldogs are expensive to buy and maintain due to their high demand, limited supply, health issues, and breeding difficulties.
  • French Bulldogs can have breathing difficulties due to their flat face and short nose, limiting their exercise and making them overheat easily in hot weather.
  • French Bulldogs can sometimes be stubborn and independent, making them challenging to train and control if not properly motivated or disciplined.
  • French Bulldogs can be noisy and vocal, making various sounds such as snorting, grunting, wheezing, snoring, and barking.

What are the Health Concerns of a French Bulldog?

The French Bulldog is a generally healthy dog breed that can live up to 12 years or more. However, like any dog breed, it can be prone to some health issues that owners should be aware of. Some of these include:

  • Brachycephalic syndrome: This is a condition that affects dogs with short noses and flat faces, such as the French Bulldog. It causes breathing difficulties due to narrow airways, elongated soft palate, small nostrils, or enlarged tonsils. Symptoms include snoring, panting, gasping, choking, or collapsing. This condition can be managed with medication or surgery in severe cases.
  • Skin allergies: This is a common problem for many dogs with short coats, such as the French Bulldog. It causes itching, redness, inflammation, or infection of the skin due to various triggers such as fleas, pollen, food, or chemicals. Symptoms include scratching, licking, biting, or rubbing of the affected areas. This condition can be treated with medication or topical creams.
  • Cleft palates: This birth defect affects some dogs with flat faces, such as the French Bulldog. It causes an opening in the roof of the mouth that can affect feeding or breathing. Symptoms include difficulty nursing or swallowing food or water, drooling, or nasal discharge. This condition can be corrected with surgery if detected early.
  • Eye problems: Another common issue for dogs with flat faces, such as the French Bulldog, is various eye diseases; such as cherry eye (prolapse of the third eyelid), entropion (inward rolling of the eyelids), ectropion (outward rolling of the eyelids), dry eye (lack of tear production), cataracts (clouding of the lens), glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye), or corneal ulcers (scratches on the surface of the eye). Symptoms include redness, swelling, tearing, pain, or vision loss. Depending on the severity, this condition can be treated with medication or surgery.
  • Spinal problems: This is a condition that affects some dogs with short backs, such as the French Bulldog. It causes abnormal development or degeneration of the spine, leading to pain, stiffness, paralysis, or incontinence. Symptoms include difficulty walking, jumping, climbing stairs or limping, dragging legs, or loss of sensation in legs or tail. This condition can be diagnosed with X-rays or MRI scans and treated with medication, physiotherapy, acupuncture, or surgery, depending on the cause.

These are some of the most common health concerns for French Bulldogs, but they are not exclusive to this breed nor affect every individual dog. Some other health issues that may affect some French Bulldogs include hip dysplasia, ear infections, dental problems, heart problems, thyroid problems, bladder stones, or cancer.

To prevent or minimize these health risks, owners should:

  • Choose a reputable breeder who screens their dogs for genetic diseases
  • Provide regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations deworming flea tick heartworm prevention.
  • Feed their dogs a high-quality, balanced diet.
  • Keep their dogs at a healthy weight
  • Provide adequate exercise, mental stimulation, socialization grooming
  • Avoid exposing their dogs to extreme heat, cold, and stress trauma.
French Bulldog peeking over something

Caring for a French Bulldog

The French Bulldog is an easy-going dog that does not require much maintenance. However, owners will need to provide some basic care for their dogs.


The French Bulldog has a short coat that does not need much brushing. However, owners should still brush their dogs once a week to remove loose hair and dirt oils. They should also regularly clean their ears, eyes, wrinkles, teeth, and nails to prevent infections. They should also bathe their dogs once a month or when needed using mild shampoo conditioner. They should also dry their dogs thoroughly after bathing, especially in cold weather.


The French Bulldog does not need much exercise compared to other breeds. However, owners should still provide their dogs with at least 30 minutes of moderate activity per day, such as walking, playing fetch tug-of-war. They should also avoid overexerting their dogs, especially in hot, humid weather, as they can overheat easily due to their brachycephalic syndrome. They should also provide their dogs with fresh water and shade rest breaks during exercise.


The French Bulldog is an intelligent dog that can learn quickly. However, owners should still train their dogs from an early age using positive reinforcement methods such as praise, treats, and toys. They should also be consistent firm patient when training their dogs. They should also socialize their dogs with different people and animal situations to prevent fear and aggression. They should also avoid harsh punishment, scolding, yelling hitting, as this can damage their dogs’ trust and confidence.


The French Bulldog is an indoor dog that does not do well in outdoor kennels. However, owners should still provide their dogs with a comfortable, safe, clean space inside their homes. They should also provide their dogs with a crate bed blanket, toys, and water food bowls. They should also keep their home at a moderate temperature, not too hot or cold. They should also keep their home free of hazards such as wires, cords, plants, chemicals, medications foods that can harm their dogs.

French Bulldog sitting in a field of dandelions

What are Some Interesting Facts About French Bulldogs?

The French Bulldog is not only adorable but also fascinating. Here are some interesting facts about this breed:

  • The French Bulldog was originally bred to fight rats in England but later became popular as lapdogs in France.
  • The French Bulldog has two types of ears: bat ears which are erect pointed rose ears that are folded back. The AKC only accepts bat ears, while other kennel clubs accept both types.
  • The French Bulldog has many nicknames, such as Frenchie, Frog Dog, and Clown Dog. Frog Dog comes from how they sit with their legs spread out like a frog. The name Clown Dog comes from their funny and expressive faces.
  • The French Bulldog is one of the most expensive dog breeds to buy and maintain. This is due to their high demand, limited supply, health issues, and breeding difficulties. Some French Bulldogs can cost up to $10,000 or more.
  • The French Bulldog is a very popular dog among celebrities. Some famous owners of French Bulldogs include Leonardo DiCaprio, Lady Gaga, Hugh Jackman, Reese Witherspoon, Dwayne Johnson, and Martha Stewart.
  • The French Bulldog is a very vocal dog that makes various sounds, such as snorting, grunting, wheezing, snoring, and barking. They also communicate with their body language, such as wagging their tail, tilting their head, or raising their eyebrows.
  • The French Bulldog is an adaptable dog that can live in any environment. They can live in apartments, houses, farms, or cities. They can also get along with any type of owner, such as singles, couples, families, seniors, or children.


The French Bulldog is a wonderful dog breed that has many qualities that make it a great companion. They are cute, friendly, loyal, playful, intelligent, and easy to care for. They are also very unique and have a lot of personality. If you are looking for a dog that will make you smile and love you unconditionally, you might want to consider a French Bulldog.

More Dog Breeds

If you’re interested in learning about similar dog breeds, check out:


Are French Bulldogs hypoallergenic?

No, French Bulldogs are not hypoallergenic. They have a short and smooth coat that sheds moderately throughout the year. They can also trigger allergies due to their saliva, dander, or urine.

Can French Bulldogs swim?

No, French Bulldogs cannot swim well. They have a heavy and muscular body that makes them sink in water. They also have a flat face that makes them breathe hard. They can drown easily if they are not supervised or wearing a life jacket.

How much are French Bulldogs?

French Bulldogs are very expensive dogs. Depending on their color, quality, and breeder, they can cost anywhere from $2,000 to $10,000 or more. They also have high maintenance costs due to their health issues and grooming needs.

Do French Bulldogs shed a lot?

No, French Bulldogs do not shed a lot compared to other breeds. They have a short, smooth coat that only sheds moderately throughout the year. However, they still need regular brushing and bathing to keep their coat clean and healthy.

How big do French Bulldogs get?

French Bulldogs are small dogs that do not grow very big. They weigh between 16 and 28 pounds and stand between 11 and 13 inches at the shoulder. They are suitable for any size of the home as long as they get enough exercise and attention.

BuzzPetz Staff Author Image
BuzzPetz Staff

Temporary BuzzPetz About Us

Read More

More From BuzzPetz

Before you go - You'll want to check out these articles!
[ultimatemember form_id="4648"]

Already a member?

Login Here

[uwp_register id="3" title="register"]

Not a member?

Register Here