American Foxhound: Breed Profile

| Updated: August 10, 2023
American Foxhound side profile

Origin History of the:

The origin history of the American Foxhound is a long and fascinating one that goes back centuries. It is believed that the first Foxhounds in the Americas were brought over by European settlers in the late 1700s. These dogs were a mix of English, Irish, French, and American hounds and were bred for speed, agility, and a keen sense of smell. George Washington was one of the earliest American breeders, breeding his hounds with imported British and French Foxhounds to improve the breed.

The American Foxhound was bred for the sport of foxhunting, which was popular among the upper classes in the United States in the 19th century. The breed was designed to be taller, lighter, and faster than its English cousin, allowing it to better traverse the rougher terrain of the New World. The American Foxhound has since become a popular family pet, known for its friendly and affectionate nature.

Group of American Foxhounds
Credit: Ian Gwinn/ Gettyimages


The American Foxhound is a large-sized breed, typically standing between 23 to 27 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing between 55 to 75 pounds. Males are generally larger than females.

The breed standard for color allows for anything, so their coats come in a variety of colors and patterns, such as tan, fawn, rust, cream, and spotted. The spotted patterning is commonly seen as originating from the American Foxhound. The breed has a short, smooth coat, with a long muzzle and ears that hang low. Their eyes are usually brown and their tail is carried in a gentle curve. They have strong, muscular legs and a straight back. In terms of temperament, they are friendly and loyal, making them excellent family companions.

Diet and Nutrition:

Diet and nutrition are important components of a healthy, happy life for American Foxhounds. As a medium to large breed with high energy levels, these dogs need special attention when it comes to their diet and nutrition. With the right food and exercise, they can live long and healthy lives.

When it comes to diet, American Foxhounds should be fed a balanced, nutritious diet that is tailored to the breed’s size and energy level. Look for food that contains high-quality proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals. Avoid low-quality filler ingredients like corn, wheat, and soy. It’s also important to provide a variety of flavors and textures to keep your pup interested in their meals.

In addition to a balanced diet, American Foxhounds need plenty of physical activity to stay healthy. Take your pup for regular walks, hikes, and runs to keep their energy levels under control. You can also provide food-motivated tasks like snuffle mats or filled toys to keep them mentally stimulated. Hunting activities like hiding treats around the yard can also be fun for them.

When it comes to nutrition and diet, American Foxhounds need special attention. With the right food, exercise, and mental stimulation, they can stay healthy and happy. Be sure to consult your veterinarian to determine the best diet and nutrition plan for your pup.

Common Health Issues Affecting American Foxhounds:

While American Foxhounds are generally a healthy breed, there are a few conditions to be aware of. Hip Dysplasia, a common bone disorder, is a hereditary condition that can affect the hip joints of American Foxhounds. This condition can cause pain and lameness in the affected dog.

American Foxhounds can also be prone to ear infections due to their long, floppy ears. If not treated promptly, these infections can become serious and cause permanent damage to the ears. They may also suffer from hypothyroidism, an autoimmune disorder that affects the thyroid gland. Symptoms of this disorder can include weight gain, hair loss, and lethargy. Treatment of hypothyroidism usually involves the daily administration of medication.

American Foxhound group charge forth after the Blessing of the Hounds at St. James Church in Monkton Maryland
Credit: Edwin Remsberg/ Gettyimages

Interesting Facts About:

American Foxhounds are an iconic breed of hound, known for their athleticism, intelligence, and loyalty. Here are some interesting facts about this remarkable breed:

1. American Foxhounds are one of the few dog breeds native to the United States, having been developed from the early hounds brought to the colonies by European settlers.

2. American Foxhounds are related to the English Foxhound, and naturally have an affinity for hunting and chasing small animals.

3. American Foxhounds have been used for a variety of activities, including tracking, hunting, and racing, and are especially well-suited for competition in field trials and drag racing.

4. American Foxhounds are known for their distinctive baying vocalization, which can be heard from as far as a mile away.

5. This breed is also known for its loyalty and companionship and is beloved by many families as a loyal and loving pet.

6. American Foxhounds have a lifespan of around 11-13 years and can weigh anywhere from 45-75 pounds.

7. This breed is also known for its intelligence and can be taught a variety of commands and tricks with proper training.

If you’re looking for a loyal, athletic, and intelligent companion, you can’t go wrong with an American Foxhound. They’re a unique breed with a long history, and they make wonderful devoted family pets.

Where to Adopt or Buy:

When it comes to adopting or buying an American Foxhound, there are a number of options available. Adopting an American Foxhound from a rescue group or shelter is a great way to give a dog in need a second chance at a loving home. You can find adoptable American Foxhounds through rescue organizations that specialize in this breed, as well as through breed-specific rescue groups. You can also search online for American Foxhound rescues in your area.

If you’re looking to buy an American Foxhound from a breeder, be sure to do your research. Ask the breeder questions about their breeding practices and the health of their dogs. Make sure to visit the kennel and meet the parents of the pup you’re interested in. You should also ask for references from past customers who have purchased an American Foxhound from the breeder. Additionally, the American Foxhound Club of America is a great resource for finding reputable breeders.

American Foxhound laying down looking at camera
Credit: Bradley Olson / EyeEm/ Gettyimages


In conclusion, the American Foxhound is an ideal breed for a family looking for a loyal, loving, and active companion. They are intelligent and eager to please, and with consistent training, they can make a great addition to any household.

They are great with children and other pups but may be wary of strangers, so it’s important to socialize them from an early age. They are also very active, so owners should be prepared to provide plenty of exercise and activities to keep them happy and healthy. Overall, the American Foxhound is an amazing breed that can add a lot of joy and companionship to any family.


Q: What is the average lifespan of an American Foxhound?

A: The average lifespan of an American Foxhound is around 10 to 13 years. However, some dogs have been known to live up to 15 years with proper care.

Q: Is the American Foxhound a good family pet?

A: Yes, the American Foxhound is a great family pet. They are loyal and affectionate dogs and make great companions. They are also very intelligent and can be easily trained.

Q: How much exercise does an American Foxhound need?

A: American Foxhounds need daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. They require at least an hour of moderate exercise every day and should be given a chance to run and explore.

Q: Are American Foxhounds good with other animals?

A: American Foxhounds can get along with other animals if they are properly socialized. They are usually friendly and tolerant of other animals, but they can be quite vocal when they encounter something new.

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