American Eskimo Dog: Breed Profile

| Updated: August 10, 2023
American Eskimo Dog in front of a sunset

Origin History of the:

The origin of the American Eskimo Dog is fascinating yet unfortunate. German immigrants in the United States brought much of their heritage, including their dogs. One of which was a Nordic breed, the German Spitz.

Due to their high capacity for training, flashy look, and intelligence, the German Spitz became a very popular breed in the late 1800’s to early 1900’s. They even made their way into show business as popular entertainers in the circuses that traveled across the United States during the 19th century. The breed’s brilliant high capacity for training, white coat, and impressive ability to perform tricks made them a favored showman. This widespread attention helped to popularize the breed.

During World War I, when America was plagued by a hatred for all things German, the German Spitz lost it’s name to avoid the connection. The German name was changed to American Eskimo Dog after a Spitz breeding kennel in Ohio.

Since then the breed has maintained popularity in American culture but it wasn’t until 1985 that the American Eskimo Dog Club of America was founded and 1994 that the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in the Non-Sporting Group. The AKC describes the American Eskimo Dog as an active, intelligent, and friendly breed that loves to please their owners. These playful companions make great family pets and are also used for a variety of activities such as agility, obedience, and herding.

girl hugging American Eskimo Dog
Credit: Devin Miller / EyeEm/ Gettyimages


The American Eskimo Dog is a striking breed with a thick and luxurious coat that comes in a variety of colors. He has a fox-like face, a pronounced ruff around his neck and feathered fur on his front and rear legs. He is most commonly seen in pure white, although he can also be found in white and cream. His ears are small and pricked, and his tail is typically carried up over the back. His eyes are almond-shaped and bright, and his nose is black.

The American Eskimo Dog is a medium-sized breed, with the toy size standing 9 to 12 inches tall and weighing about 10 pounds, the miniature size standing 12 to 15 inches tall and weighing about 20 pounds, and the standard size standing 15 to 19 inches tall and weighing about 30 pounds. He has a double coat with a dense undercoat and a longer outer coat, and his fur is straight with no curl or wave. All in all, the American Eskimo Dog is a beautiful breed with a luxurious coat and a friendly, alert expression.

Diet and Nutrition:

When it comes to diet and nutrition, American Eskimo Dogs need a balanced diet that is tailored to their size, energy level, and activity level. These dogs are small-sized, active breeds with moderate energy levels, so they will need a diet that provides them with enough energy to power their daily activities.

When choosing a food, look for one that is specifically designed for small breeds and has a balance of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. These dogs have high metabolisms and will benefit from a diet that is higher in protein. Quality protein sources such as lean meats, eggs, and fish should be the mainstays of an American Eskimo Dog’s diet.

In addition to their daily diet, these dogs may benefit from occasional supplementation of omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids can help support a healthy skin and coat, as well as help maintain joint health and mobility. Omega-3 fatty acids can be found in fish oil or flaxseed oil supplements.

It is important to always consult with your veterinarian before starting any new diet or supplement for your American Eskimo Dog. Your vet can help you determine the best nutrition plan for your pup, taking into account their individual needs and lifestyle.

American Eskimo Dog
Credit: Bread and Butter Productions/ Gettyimages

Common Health Issues Affecting:

One of the most common health issues affecting American Eskimo Dogs is hip dysplasia, a condition in which the hip joint does not develop properly and may cause pain and lameness. This condition is often hereditary and can be screened for with an Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) hip evaluation.

Other conditions that affect American Eskimos include elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, von Willebrand’s disease, and thrombopathia.

These conditions can all lead to a decrease in quality of life and can be managed with proper veterinary care. It is important to remember that all breeds of dogs are susceptible to certain health issues, and American Eskimos are no exception.

Responsible breeders should always provide the necessary health clearances for puppies, so it is important to ask for these before purchasing a puppy. With proper nutrition, exercise, and veterinary care, American Eskimos can live long, healthy lives.

Interesting Facts About:

The American Eskimo Dog is an intelligent and loyal breed that is sure to bring joy to any household. Here are some interesting facts about this unique breed:

-The American Eskimo Dog is part of the Spitz family, which includes other Nordic breeds such as the Pomeranian and the Samoyed. This breed is known for its fox-like face, profuse coat, up-held tail, and small, pricked ears.

-American Eskimo Dogs were popular entertainers in the circuses of the 19th century. They were known for their beautiful white coats and amazing ability to perform tricks.

-The American Eskimo Dog Club of America was founded in 1985, and in 1995, the American Kennel Club recognized the breed in the Non-Sporting Group.

-The American Eskimo Dog is a very intelligent breed that is eager to please its owners. They are quick learners and respond well to positive reinforcement.

-This breed is also known for its strong bond with humans and its need for companionship. They are known to be particularly loyal and affectionate towards their owners.

-American Eskimo Dogs are very active and need regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. A daily walk or playtime in the yard is a must for this breed.

-The American Eskimo Dog is also a great watchdog. They are alert and attentive, and will bark to alert their owners of any potential danger.

Where to Adopt or Buy:

Adopting or buying an American Eskimo Dog is a big decision, and it’s important to carefully consider the pros and cons of both options. If you’re interested in buying a puppy, it’s best to source from a reputable breeder who puts the health and welfare of their puppies first. Make sure you ask to see the parents of the puppies and get their health clearances. It’s also a good idea to make sure the breeder provides a written health guarantee.

If you’re considering adoption, there are many organizations dedicated to finding homes for American Eskimo Dogs. These include breed-specific rescues, national breed organizations, and various animal shelters. Adopting an Eskie from a rescue or shelter is a great way to give a deserving dog a second chance at a happy life. You’ll also be helping to reduce the number of homeless pets in the world.

Before making a decision, it’s important to remember that adopting or buying an Eskie requires a commitment to providing quality care and a lifetime of love.

American Eskimo Dog
Credit: Bread and Butter Productions/ Gettyimages


In conclusion, the American Eskimo Dog is an excellent companion for those who are looking for an intelligent, loyal, and energetic dog. This breed is highly trainable and loves to be part of a family. With regular exercise and mental stimulation, the American Eskimo Dog is a great choice for those who want to share their home with a furry friend.

Despite its small size, the Eskie has plenty of energy and loves playing in the snow. Although this breed can suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for too long, it is relatively easy to care for and can do well in a variety of homes. If you are looking for a spunky, smart, and loyal companion, an American Eskimo Dog may just be the perfect fit.


Q: What is the temperament of an American Eskimo Dog?

A: American Eskimo Dogs are known for being intelligent, loyal, and friendly. They are highly energetic and love to be active, making them excellent companions for outdoor activities. They are also known for being protective of their family, and for their strong bonds with their owners.

Q: Are American Eskimo Dogs good with children?

A: Yes, American Eskimo Dogs are generally good with children. They are known for being affectionate and playful, and can make great family pets. They are also known for being protective of children in their family, so it is important to supervise young children when they are interacting with an Eskie.

Q: How much exercise do American Eskimo Dogs need?

A: Eskies are highly energetic and need plenty of exercise. They love to run and play and should be taken on at least one long walk each day. They should also have access to a yard or other outdoor space where they can run and play.

Q: Do American Eskimo Dogs shed a lot?

A: Yes, American Eskimo Dogs shed a lot. They have a double coat with a dense undercoat and a longer outer coat, so they will shed year-round. They should be brushed at least twice a week to keep their coat healthy and reduce the amount of fur left around the house.

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