Afghan Spaniel: Breed Profile

| Updated: August 10, 2023
Afghan Hound

Origin History of the Afghan Spaniel:

he origin history of the Afghan Spaniel is a bit of a mystery, as it is a mixed breed that has not been officially recognized by any canine organizations. However, the two parent breeds of the Afghan Spaniel, the Afghan Hound and the Cocker Spaniel, both have well-documented histories.

The Afghan Hound hails from Afghanistan, where it was originally known as the Tazi. DNA research has suggested that the breed is one of the oldest existing dog breeds and dates back thousands of years. The first Western Afghan breeder was an English officer stationed near Kabul in the late 1800s. The breed then made its way to England in 1925 and was later recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1926. In the late 1970s, the Afghan Hound’s popularity soared thanks to Barbie’s pet Afghan Hound, Beauty. Since then, the breed has become a popular AKC show ring star and has even branched out into obedience competitions.

The Cocker Spaniel is said to have originated in the 1300s and was initially bred as a hunting dog. The name Cocker Spaniel is derived from the breed’s talent in hunting woodcock. Today, the Cocker Spaniel is a beloved pet and is often praised for its good-natured temperament.

The Afghan Spaniel is a mix of these two parent breeds, and while they do not have a history as their own breed, they have the legacy of their parent breeds to look back on. As crossbreeds have no breed standard, they can come in a variety of sizes and color combinations.

Afghan Spaniel Appearance:

The Afghan Spaniel is a medium-sized dog, typically measuring between 18 and 24 inches tall and weighing between 30 and 45 pounds. They have a unique, long and slender body type, with a long and graceful neck, slender legs, and a tail that is usually feathered. Their coat is usually long and silky, with a thick and luxurious topknot. It tends to be short and close to the body along the back. All solid colors are accepted by the American Kennel Club breed standard, with certain color combinations being considered the most attractive.

The head of the Afghan Spaniel is usually long and slender, with a short muzzle and large, almond-shaped eyes. Their ears are usually long and wide and hang down the sides of the face. They usually have a strong, square jaw and a dark nose.

The Afghan Spaniel’s coat is very fine in texture and thick and silky. On the head is a long, silky topknot. With the exception of the back, the entire body is abundantly covered in hair, even the ears, and feet. Proper grooming is essential to keep this breed looking its best. Regular brushing and combing are necessary, as well as frequent bathing. It is also important to check the ears weekly for signs of infection and to brush their teeth at least twice a week.

Diet and Nutrition:

The Afghan Spaniel has specific dietary needs that should be taken into consideration when deciding what to feed them. This breed is considered a medium-sized breed with medium energy levels, so they should have a diet formulated for those needs. Slow feeding is recommended to help prevent bloat, which can be a problem in Afghan Spaniels, so a slow feeder bowl is a good idea. Make sure you consult your veterinarian for the best food to feed your pup, as each dog’s dietary requirements will differ.

In addition to diet, it’s important to make sure your Afghan Spaniel gets enough exercise. A daily walk of thirty minutes to forty-five minutes is usually sufficient, or they can have indoor or outdoor play like fetch or tug-of-war. Afghan Spaniels can adapt to apartment living, but they may become noisy if they don’t get enough stimulation.

Overall, it’s important to keep your Afghan Spaniel’s diet and nutrition needs in mind. Make sure you consult your veterinarian for the best food for your pup and provide them with the appropriate amount of exercise for their age and breed. Doing so will ensure that your pup stays healthy, happy, and fit for years to come.

Common Health Issues Affecting Afghan Spaniels:

The Afghan Spaniel is a crossbreed between an Afghan Hound and an English Springer Spaniel. While they often come from reputable breeders, they can still be predisposed to certain health issues. Some of the more common issues that can affect Afghan Spaniels include eye problems, hip dysplasia, and skin conditions.

Eye problems can be one of the most common health issues for Afghan Spaniels. These can range from mild irritations to more serious conditions, such as glaucoma and progressive retinal atrophy. Symptoms can include redness or irritation, discharge, and cloudiness or blindness. If you notice any of these symptoms in your Afghan Spaniel, it is important to take them to the vet as soon as possible.

Hip dysplasia is another potential health issue for Afghan Spaniels. This is when the hip joint is malformed, causing pain and mobility issues. Symptoms of hip dysplasia can include lameness, difficulty going up or down stairs, and reluctance to exercise. It is important to have your Afghan Spaniel’s hips checked by a vet regularly to ensure they are healthy.

Skin conditions are another common health issue for Afghan Spaniels. They can be caused by allergies, parasites, or other environmental factors. Symptoms of skin conditions can include itchiness, redness, and hair loss. If you notice these symptoms, it is important to take your Afghan Spaniel to the vet to get the proper diagnosis and treatment.

Afghan Spaniels are usually a very healthy breed. However, it is important to be aware of their potential health issues and to take them to the vet regularly for checkups and treatments. With proper care and attention, your Afghan Spaniel can live a long and happy life.

Interesting Facts about Afghan Spaniels:

Afghan Spaniels are an adorably unique breed that many dog lovers don’t know about. Here are some interesting facts about the breed that you may not have known:

1) Afghan Spaniels are a mix of two ancient breeds. The Afghan Hound, an ancient breed originating in the Middle East, and the English Springer Spaniel, an old English breed.

2) This breed is known for its unique coats. They have a long, silky coat, with a unique combination of colors often found in shades of tan and brown.

3) Afghan Spaniels can be a bit stubborn and independent at times, but they are also loyal and loving companions. They are often described as being “people-pleasers” and do best with patient and consistent training.

4) These dogs are very active and need plenty of exercise. Afghan Spaniels love going for long walks, playing fetch, or taking part in agility courses.

5) Afghan Spaniels were originally bred to be a companion dog and are happiest when they are spending time with the people they love. They don’t do well when left alone for long periods of time, as they can become anxious and destructive.

Where to Adopt or Buy:

If you’re considering buying or adopting an Afghan Spaniel, there are a few things you should know. First, it’s important to do your research to make sure you’re getting the right kind of dog for your lifestyle. Afghan Spaniels can be a great companion, but they can also be a bit of a challenge if you’re not prepared.

The best way to buy or adopt an Afghan Spaniel is to find a reputable breeder or rescue organization. Reputable breeders are knowledgeable about the breed and can answer questions about the health and temperament of the puppies they have available. Rescues are a great way to find a loving companion, as they often have purebred Afghan Spaniels as well as mixed breeds.

When it comes to buying or adopting an Afghan Spaniel, it’s important to consider the costs. The cost of buying a puppy from a breeder can range from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars, depending on the bloodlines and the breeder. Adopting from a rescue can cost anywhere from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars, depending on the organization. It’s also important to factor in the costs of spaying or neutering, vaccinations, and other medical costs.

Overall, buying or adopting an Afghan Spaniel can be a great way to add a loving and loyal companion to your family. However, it’s important to do your research to make sure you’re getting the right kind of dog for your lifestyle. With the right preparation and knowledge, you’ll have a loyal and loving companion in no time.


In conclusion, the Afghan Spaniel is a loyal and loving companion that is sure to bring plenty of joy to its new family. With proper socialization and training, the Afghan Spaniel can be a great pet for families with children. They have a playful and curious nature and are often good-natured and loving with their families, making them a great addition to a home. While they can have issues with being overprotective, with early socialization and training, this should not be an issue. While they may not be a good fit for homes with small animals, they can be a great fit for most other households. All in all, the Afghan Spaniel is a great breed mix that can bring a lot of joy to its new family.


Q: What are the common health concerns for Afghan Spaniels?

A: Afghan Spaniels are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common include hip and elbow dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, and patellar luxation. Responsible breeders should be able to provide documentation that the puppy’s parents have been screened and cleared for these conditions.

Q: How much exercise does an Afghan Spaniel need?

A: Afghan Spaniels need regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. A daily walk of 30 minutes to 45 minutes should be sufficient. They also enjoy indoor or outdoor play like fetch or tug-of-war.

Q: How much grooming does an Afghan Spaniel require?

A: Afghan Spaniels have long, fine hair, so they will require regular brushing and combing to keep their coats looking and feeling healthy. They may also need to be professionally groomed every few months. Additionally, they will need their nails trimmed and ears cleaned on a regular basis.

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