Afghan Sheepdog: Breed Profile

| Updated: August 10, 2023
Afghan Hound

Origin History of the Afghan Sheepdog:

The origin history of the Afghan Sheepdog is not well-known, as it is a relatively new breed. This breed is a cross between the Afghan Hound and the Belgian Sheepdog. It is believed that the breed was first developed in the United States, likely in the late 1970s or 1980s.

The Afghan Hound is one of the oldest known breeds, with its roots dating back thousands of years. DNA research has revealed that this breed is one of the most ancient breeds in existence. The breed was first documented in the West by an English officer stationed in Kabul in the early 1900s. This breed was brought to England in 1925 and then made its way to America in the late 1920s. It was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1926 and the Afghan Hound Club of America was admitted to membership with the AKC in 1940.

The Belgian Sheepdog has a much shorter history, dating back to the 1800s. This breed was developed as a herding breed and is still used today for that purpose. It is also often utilized in police work or search-and-rescue operations.

It is unclear when the two breeds were first crossed, but it is believed that the Afghan Sheepdog was first developed in the United States in the late 1970s or 1980s. The breed has become increasingly popular due to its intelligence and loyalty. Despite its mixed heritage, the Afghan Sheepdog has become a beloved pet for many families.

Afghan Hound Appearance:

The Afghan Sheepdog is a medium to large-sized dog that has a wide variety of physical characteristics. The breed is a mix between the Belgian Sheepdog and the Afghan Hound, so their appearance can be a combination of both parent breeds. Afghan Sheepdogs typically have a strong and muscular body with a medium-length coat. The coat is usually thick and wiry in texture, with a variety of color combinations being possible. The most common colors for the breed are black, red, and tan, but they may also have white markings.

The Afghan Sheepdog has a long, thin head with triangular ears that hang close to the cheeks. Their eyes are almond-shaped and their muzzle is long and narrow. The breed has a long neck and a deep chest. The tail is generally feathered and may be curled up over the back.

The Afghan Sheepdog usually stands between 20-24 inches tall and weighs between 40-65 pounds. They are well-proportioned and have a strong, muscular build. They have strong, agile legs and feet and a deep chest. The breed has a long, wiry coat that is usually easy to groom and maintain. The coat can come in a variety of colors, including black, red, and tan. The coat may be a combination of all three colors or have white markings. The Afghan Sheepdog has a thick, waterproof undercoat that helps protect them from cold weather and snow.

Diet and Nutrition:

The Afghan Sheepdog is a high-energy breed that requires a nutritious diet to keep them in peak condition. As a large breed, their diet should be focused on high-quality proteins with a balance of healthy fats and carbohydrates. Because of their high energy levels, it’s best to feed them multiple smaller meals throughout the day rather than one large meal.

It’s important to provide your Afghan Sheepdog with plenty of variety in their diet, as this will help keep them from becoming bored or picky eaters. Consider supplementing their diet with items like chew toys or a snuffle mat, to keep their mind active. Additionally, adding healthy snacks like fruits, vegetables, and omega-3 fatty acids can provide needed nutrients and keep their energy levels up.

When it comes to their diet, it’s best to consult your veterinarian to determine the best food to feed your pup. Your vet can also provide information on how much food to feed your Afghan Sheepdog based on their size, age, and activity level. If you notice any changes in your pup’s weight or appetite, be sure to consult your vet to ensure they are getting the right nutrition.

Common Health Issues Affecting Afghan Sheepdogs:

Afghan Sheepdogs are mixed-breed dogs, sometimes inheriting health issues from both parent breeds. Responsible breeders have taken steps to reduce the prevalence of these issues, but they are still something to be aware of when considering adopting an Afghan Sheepdog.

The most common health concerns to be aware of in Afghan Sheepdogs include hip and elbow dysplasia, eye problems, and allergies. Hip and elbow dysplasia is a common issue in many large breed dogs, and is caused by an abnormal formation of the hip or elbow joint that can lead to lameness and arthritis. Eye problems can range from dry eye to progressive retinal atrophy, and should be monitored by a veterinarian. Allergies are also common in Afghan Sheepdogs and can be caused by anything from food to environmental triggers.

In terms of preventative measures, it’s important to provide your Afghan Sheepdog with regular veterinary check-ups, a healthy diet, and plenty of exercise. Maintaining a healthy weight and giving your dog a balanced diet can go a long way in helping to prevent or reduce the severity of health issues. It’s also important to be aware of any changes in your dog’s behavior or physical appearance and to bring these to the attention of your veterinarian right away.

Interesting Facts about Afghan Sheepdogs:

The Afghan Sheepdog is an impressive and unique mix of two breeds, the Belgian Sheepdog and the Afghan Hound. This crossbred dog has a few interesting facts that make them stand out from their parents.

For starters, Afghan Sheepdogs sometimes referred to as “Afghans”, are the only known breed of dog to have adapted to the harsh Afghan climate. These dogs are able to survive and thrive in temperatures as low as -40 degrees Fahrenheit and as high as 120 degrees Fahrenheit! This is due to their thick, double-coat which protects them from the cold and heat.

Another interesting fact about the Afghan Sheepdog is its unique size. Depending on the size of its parents, the Afghan can range from medium to large in size. This makes them perfect for families of all sizes, as they can fit in apartments and larger homes alike.

Lastly, the Afghan Sheepdog is a fiercely loyal breed. They are often protective of their family and make excellent guard dogs. They’re also extremely intelligent, making them easy to train. With proper socialization, they can also make great companions for other pets and children.

Where to Adopt or Buy:

If you’re looking to buy or adopt an Afghan Sheepdog, it’s important to research the breed and consider whether it’s the right fit for you and your lifestyle. Afghan Sheepdogs are an active, loyal, and intelligent breed that require an owner that is dedicated to providing them with the physical and mental stimulation that they need. If you’re ready to take on the responsibility of owning an Afghan Sheepdog, there are a few options available to you.

The first option is to purchase a pup from a breeder. When looking for a breeder, it’s important to ensure that they are reputable and have the proper paperwork to prove that their pups are healthy and have been raised with love. It’s also important to make sure that the breeder is willing to answer any questions you have and provide you with information about the temperament and care of the pup.

Another option is to adopt an Afghan Sheepdog from a rescue. There are many rescues that specialize in Afghan Sheepdogs and mixes, so do your research and see what’s available in your area. It’s important to remember that rescue dogs come with a range of temperaments, so you’ll want to make sure you are prepared for any surprises that come along with your new pup!

Finally, you can consider adopting a pup from a shelter. Shelters are filled with pups of all shapes and sizes, and you can often find a pup that is a great fit for your family. It’s important to remember that shelter pups may have had a rough start to life, so you’ll want to make sure you are prepared to provide them with the love and care they need to help them adjust.


The Afghan Sheepdog is a smart and active breed, best suited for an active family in a home with plenty of space. They need dedicated owners willing to put in the time and energy to properly train and exercise them, as they are capable of becoming destructive without proper stimulation. Afghan Sheepdogs are loyal and loving with their families, but can be wary of strangers and overprotective without proper socialization. They need routine grooming and daily exercise in the form of walks, hikes, or playtime. Afghan Sheepdogs are beautiful and unique, often coming in a variety of colors and sizes.


Q: What coat colors do Afghan Sheepdogs come in?

A: Afghan Sheepdogs come in a variety of colors, usually with a combination of black and tan. This breed has no breed standard, so their coats can come in any combination of colors. The coat is usually thick and requires regular grooming.

Q: What kind of exercise does an Afghan Sheepdog need?

A: Afghan Sheepdogs need at least an hour of exercise daily. This can include a walk, a hike, or other activities. They also need a large backyard or job to keep them stimulated and focused.

Q: Are Afghan Sheepdogs good with kids?

A: Afghan Sheepdogs are generally good natured and loving with their families. That said, they can be very wary of strangers and can be aggressive or overprotective. It’s important to socialize this breed from a young age to reduce the risk of fear-based reactivity. Afghan Sheepdogs may also try to herd smaller pets or children, so it’s important to supervise them around kids.

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